Key International Human Rights Standards on Gender
• Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
• Optional Protocol to CEDAW
• CEDAW General Recommendation No. 19 on Violence against Women
• CERD General Recommendation No. 25 on Gender-Related Dimensions of Racial Discrimination
• Council of Europe Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
• European Commission Women’s Charter
• ILO Convention No. 111 on Discrimination (Employment and Occupation)
• Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belém do Pará)
• Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa
• Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Articles 5-8
• SADC Protocol on Gender and Development
• UN Beijing Platform for Action
• UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol)
• UN International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action
• UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace, and Security
• UN Security Council Resolution 1820 on Women, Peace, and Security
• Yogyakarta Principles on the Application of International Human Rights Law in relation to Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity
Media Gender Guidelines, Toolkits and Researches
• Bernadette van Dijck
Screening Gender. Gender Portrayal and Programme Making Routines (2002)
United Nations, Division for the Advancement of Women (DAW), Expert Group Meeting on “Participation and access of women to the media, and the impact of media on, and its use as an instrument for the advancement and empowerment of women”
• Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
To make sure that the language used by on-air personnel treats men and women equally, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation has developed these guidelines which were adapted by the Media Awareness Network
http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/resources/educational/ handouts/gender_portrayal /cbc_gender_guidelines.cfm
• Council of Europe, Parliamentary Assembly
Combating sexist stereotypes in the media (2009)
• Malta Broadcasting Authority
Guidelines on Gender Equality and Gender Portrayal in the Broadcasting Media (2007)
These guidelines apply to all programmes, including news and advertisements, broadcast on radio and television stations and are intended to make the broadcasting media more sensitive to gender equality. These guidelines are directed to the people in production, decision-makers of programme structures and producers of advertisements, amongst others. (Executive Summary)
• Gender Links
Gender and Media Baseline Study (2003)
Gender Links in collaboration with the Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA), conducted the Gender and Media Baseline Study (GMBS) in 12 SADC countries during September 2002 and published the results in March 2003, creating the most comprehensive such study ever undertaken in the whole world.
Glass Ceilings. Women and Men in Southern Africa Media (2009)
The Glass Ceilings: Women and Men in Southern African Media study is a comprehensive audit of women and men in Southern African media houses. Spanning 14 countries over a year starting in July 2008, Gender Links (GL) conducted the study in partnership with a network of researchers, gender and media activists and partners in the Gender and Media Southern Africa (GEMSA) network as well as the Gender and Media Diversity Centre (GMDC).
• Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP)
The GMMP is the largest and longest longitudinal study on the representation of women in the world’s media. It is also the largest advocacy initiative in the world on changing the representation of women in the media. It is unique in involving participants ranging from grassroots community organisations to university students and researchers to media practitioners, all of whom participate on a voluntary basis.
• Office of Communications (Ofcom)
Equal opportunities: a toolkit for broadcasters (2005)
This booklet is intended to help taking effective action and making fast progress by learning from the experiences of others. Small-to- medium sized broadcasters will find it particularly useful, although the major organisations may also find plenty of food for thought.
• Portraying Politics – A Toolkit on Gender and Television (2006)
The toolkit “Portraying Politics” sets out to analyse production patterns and professional routines that result in these genderbased differences. It challenges journalists and programme-makers to reflect on the way they currently do things, and to think creatively about new possibilities. The toolkit contends that fair gender portrayal is a professional criterion like any other – balance, diversity, clarity and so on. It also aims to demonstrate that when attention is paid to gender during the production process, the pay-off is richer and more innovative output that will appeal to a wider audience.
• Screening Gender (2000)
A training tool kit for innovation in programme production – to promote new approaches to the portrayal of women and men in television
• South Asian Free Media Association (SAFMA)
Regional Workshop on “Gender and Media in South Asia” (2004) Rita Manchanda: Gender Stereotyping: South Asian Perspectives
Report on Gender Guidelines and Portrayal
• UNESCO, International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
Getting the balance right: Gender equality in journalism (2009)
This handbook is a timely, illustrated and easy-to-read guide and resource material for journalists. The handbook evolved primarily out of a desire to equip all journalists with more information and understanding of gender issues in their work. It is addressed to media organisations, professional associations and journalists’ unions seeking to contribute to the goal of gender equality. (Foreword)
• Women’s International Network AMARC-WIN, ISIS International Gender Policy for Community Radio (2008)
The aim of this gender policy for community radio is to help radio stations understand and strive to meet their obligations towards women in their diversity. It covers the needs of women in conflict situations, differently abled women, women from minority groups, including lesbian and transgender women.
• World Association for Christian Communication (WACC), Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP), UNIFEM ‘Mission Possible’: A Gender and Media Advocacy Training Toolkit (2005)
Mission Possible: Gender and Media Advocacy Training Toolkit was developed following GMMP 2005 as a tool to build civil society capacity to lobby for gender-fair, gender-balanced media.