Abbreviations

ABUT - The Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union is a non-profit, non-government, professional association of broadcasting organisations, formed in 1964 to facilitate the development of broadcasting in the Asia-Pacific region and to organise co-operative activities amongst its members. It currently has over 194 members in 57 countries, reaching a potential audience of about 3 billion people. The ABU provides a forum for promoting the collective interests of television and radio broadcasters, and encourages regional and international co­operation between broadcasters.

AIBD - The Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development, a Kuala Lumpur based non-governmental, non profit organisation is involved in training, publications and conferences on media and communications in Asia-Pacific. Its vision is to achieve a vibrant and cohesive electronic media environment in the region through policy and human resource development. Its main objectives are to promote media professionalism in electronic media, provide an Asia-Pacific regional platform for dialogue in electronic media policies and development and to encourage member countries to utilise the Institute for consultancy in media matters. Established in 1977, AIBD has at present 26 member countries with 45 regular member organisations and 90 affiliate members. From 1 July 2007 to June 2008, the Institute conducted 71 training courses and workshops on 50 different topics benefiting 1,663 broadcasters from 51 countries in the region.

AMIC - The Asia Media Information and Communication Centre is a non-profit NGO and a registered charity in Singapore with the mission of spearheading the development of media and communication expertise inAsia within the broad framework of the economic, social and cultural developments in the region.AMIC was established with seed funding support from the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), a private non-profit, public-interest foundation of the Federal Republic of Germany. FES is a key partner and provides limited project funding to this day. AMIC is located within the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information at the prestigious Nanyang Technological University in Singapore. As part of its support for AMIC, the government provides the office premises to AMIC free of cost.

ASBU - The Arab States Broadcasting Union is one of the oldest Arab joint action institutions pertaining to the League of Arab States system. Its objectives are to strengthen relations, foster cooperation among Arab audio-visual broadcasting institutions with a view to enhancing their performances in both form and content enabling thus the newly-created organisation to fully play its role in bolsteringArab brotherhood and raising anArab generation conscious and proud of its Arab national identity It also contributes to the creation of a new world communication order which guarantees for all national cultures the right to self assertion and advancement and provides opportunities of fruitful dialogue amongst them

CBA - The London-based Commonwealth Broadcasting Association was founded in 1945 for the advancement of education and in particular: (a) to promote the education and training of individuals in Commonwealth countries around the world in broadcasting skills and ethics; (b) to promote the educational benefits resulting from broadcasting of high quality by supporting the developing countries of the Commonwealth in the establishment, operation, management and improvement of broadcasting in their countries, through collective study and mutual assistance among members of the Association and others and through the provision of a basic information service on broadcasting matters.

EBU - The European Broadcasting Union is the largest association of national broadcasters in the world. It promotes cooperation between broadcasters and facilitates the exchange of audiovisual content.The EBU works to ensure that the crucial role of public service broadcasters is recognised and taken into consideration by decision-makers. The EBU represents its Members on European Union audiovisual policy matters, ensuring that these values are well understood and taken into account by decision-makers. It is consulted by the European Institutions on a regular basis on all issues of concern to the audiovisual sector. It also works closely with the UN, UNESCO and its colleagues in the World Broadcasting Unions (WBU) to ensure that our voice is heard in the global debate on media policy.

FES - The Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung is a German non-profit, private educational foundation active in many parts of the world to promote participatory democracy, social justice and international understanding. In its cooperation with non-government organisations, labor groups, the academe and the government, it seeks to contribute in strengthening an inclusive political system and a people-centered economic development.

IPDC - The International Programme for the Development of Communication is a major forum in the UN system designed to develop free and pluralistic media with a global approach to democratic development. , IPDC has focused its projects on the most urgent priorities in communication development.The efforts of the IPDC have had an important impact on a broad range of fields covering, among others, the promotion of media independence and pluralism, development of community media, radio and television organizations, modernization of national and regional news agencies, and training of media professionals. IPDC has mobilized some US$ 93 million for over 1100 projects in 139 developing countries and countries in transition.

ITU - The International Telecommunication Union is the leading United Nations agency for information and communication technology issues, and the global focal point for governments and the private sector in developing networks and services. For nearly 145 years, ITU has coordinated the shared global use of the radio spectrum, promoted international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, worked to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world, established the worldwide standards that foster seamless interconnection of a vast range of communications systems and addressed the global challenges of our times, such as mitigating climate change and strengthening cybersecurity.


PSB -A Public Service Broadcasting model is a separate dedicated network that serves the entire population, and contributes to the region's socio-economic development. It offers quality programmes of information, education and entertainment consistent with the community's moral and ethical values. It ensures a high technical standard with proper balance and a range of topics. It should have autonomous control over content and financial independence with strong accountability practices, supported by creative and professional human resource, and strategic partnerships to enhance the mandate of PSB. It adapts readily to changes in science and technology and exploits all significant digital platforms."

SABA - The Southern African Broadcasting Association is a membership organisation representing public service and other broadcasting organisations of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. It was launched in 1993 as a non profit, non governmental organisation to promote quality broadcasting by enhancing professionalism and the credibility of public service broadcasting in the countries of the region. Its sphere of activity has been extended to include community, private and commercial broadcasters in southern Africa, and other stakeholders in the broadcasting industry including regulators, support service providers and suppliers in a bid to create an active SABA platform for action and facilitate a meeting of minds in the SADC broadcasting industry.

UNDP - The United Nations Development Programme is the UN's global development network, an organization advocating for change and connecting countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life. We are on the ground in 166 countries, working with them on their own solutions to global and national development challenges. As they develop local capacity, they draw on the people of UNDP and our wide range of partners.

UNESCO - The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization was founded on 16 November 1945. For this specialized United Nations agency, it is not enough to build classrooms in devastated countries or to publish scientific breakthroughs. Education, Social and Natural Science, Culture and Communication are the means to a far more ambitious goal: to build peace in the minds of men.Today, UNESCO functions as a laboratory of ideas and a standard-setter to forge universal agreements on emerging ethical issues.The Organization also serves as a clearinghouse—for the dissemination and sharing of information and knowledge—while helping Member States to build their human and institutional capacities in diverse fields. UNESCO thus promotes international co-operation among its 193 Member States and six Associate Members in the fields of education, science, culture and communication

WRTVC - The World Radio and Television Council is a non­governmental organisation created to defend public service broadcasting across the world through civil society. Its definition of public service broadcasting, published in five languages by UNESCO, is widely recognized as the standard definition.
It includes representatives of broadcasters' associations, regulatory authorities, civil society movements, universities, educational groups, etc. It has created and promoted a rating agency to measure the performance of electronic media at the service of society in every country of the world. Run by an independent Swiss institution, the Media and Society Foundation in Geneva, the rating agency will consider radio, television and new digital services from the point of view of society's good governance, citizens' empowerment and participation.

WSIS - The UN General Assembly Resolution 56/183 (21 December 2001) endorsed the holding of the World Summit on the Information Society in two phases. The first phase took place in Geneva from 10 to 12 December 2003 and the second phase took place in Tunis, from 16 to 18 November 2005.

Geneva Phase: 10-12 December 2003
The objective of the first phase was to develop and foster a clear statement of political will and take concrete steps to establish the foundations for an Information Society for all, reflecting all the different interests at stake. Nearly 50 Heads of state/government and Vice-Presidents, 82 Ministers, and 26 Vice-Ministers from 175 countries as well as high-level representatives from international organisations, private sector, and civil society attended the Geneva Phase of WSIS and gave political support to the Geneva Declaration of Principles and Geneva Plan of Action that were adopted on 12 December 2003. More than 11,000 participants from 175 countries attended the Summit and related events.

Tunis Phase: 16-18 November 2005
The objective of the second phase was to put Geneva's Plan of Action into motion as well as to find solutions and reach agreements in the fields of Internet governance, financing mechanisms, and follow-up and implementation of the Geneva and Tunis documents. Nearly 50 Heads of state/government and Vice-Presidents and 197 Ministers, Vice Ministers and Deputy Ministers from 174 countries as well as high-level representatives from international organisations, private sector, and civil society attended the Tunis Phase of WSIS and gave political support to the Tunis Commitment and Tunis Agenda for the Information Society that were adopted on 18 November 2005. More than 19,000 participants from 174 countries attended the Summit and related events.